The schools in India either looked after by Central/ State governments or private agencies are mandatory required to be recognized from a registered Board of Education. The function of a Board of Education is to maintain the uniformity and standards of education throughout their territory by planning the curriculum and preparation of curriculum material. The various Board of school education are voluntarily associated with Council of Board of Secondary Education (COBSE) which works in collaboration with assorted apex educational bodies in India like NCERT, NCTE etc.
Some of the board of education in India are:
CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION
CBSE is a Govt. of India approved autonomous organization located in New Delhi, setup for affiliation of both public and private schools across the country like all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, Kendriya Vidyalayas, private schools and Central Govt. aided schools. CBSE is recognized by National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) and is the most prevalent board of Education in India for schooling and hence the schools under affiliation of CBSE are easy to locate across the country. Along with conducting All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) for class X and All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE) for class XII, CBSE also conducts many entrance exams like Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for Engineering, AIPMT/ NEET for Medical, Central Teacher Eligibility Test CTET and National Eligibility Teat (UGC-NET) etc. which are generally based on the CBSE course content.
COUNCIL FOR THE INDIA SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATIONS
CISCE is a non government board of school education established for affiliation of schools all over India. Along within India, CISCE extended their affiliation to schools in Indonesia, Singapore and UAE. CISCE conducts following two examinations:
- Indian Certificate of Secondary Education Examination: ICSE is the school examination for schooling of 10 years duration i.e class 1st to 10th.
- Indian School Certificate Examination: ISC examination is conducted by CISCE for class XIth and XIIth.
Along with above two schooling examinations, ICSCE also conducts “Certificate of Vocational Education examination” which can be pursue by candidates after 2 years of studies beyond Indian Certificate of Secondary Education examination. The aim of CVE is to trained the students in different vocations like Technician, environment, Interior Designing, Hospitality Management, Physical Education etc.
IB is an International non profitable Education Foundation established in 1968 at Jeneva, Switzerland but do not associated with any particular country. The schools affiliated with IB can be found across the world. Globally there are more than 4,460 schools across 151 countries and in India at present there are more than 128 schools affiliated from IB.
Following are the programs offered by IB:
- IB Primary Years Program: This program is conducted for students aged approx 3 to 10 years i.e Kindergarten to class 5.
- IB Middle Year Program: This program is conducted for students of age group approx 11 to 16 years i.e for class VIth to class Xth. The Primary program prepares the students for middle year program but is not prerequisite for getting admission in it.
- IB Diploma Program: This is a high school program conducted for students of age group approx 17 to 19 years and is equivalent to class XIth and XIIth. In India, IB diploma program is duly recognized by “Association of Indian Universities” for admission of students in degree courses of their associated universities. At present, IB diploma is accepted as an entry qualification in more than 2,000 universities across 75 countries.
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION
In India the states are having their own board of education which is responsible for maintaining the uniformity of syllabus and quality of education and oversees academic affairs among their affiliated schools across the state. The subject “education” lies in the concurrent list of Indian Constitution and the education policies and programs are framed at center level and state government implement them as per their convenience. State boards emphasize more on regional language & culture and the mode of education can be the local language or local language can be a subject to study. The state board of Education also follows 10+2 system of education and are recognized by all universities for admission in degree courses.
STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION IN INDIA
Majority of the Board of Education in India follows 10+2 pattern of academics to maintain the uniformity in school system. In this pattern, schooling up to 10th class/High School/Senior Secondary is the first stage followed by second stage of schooling up to 12th class/ 10+2/Intermediate/ Higher Secondary. The first stage i.e education up to class 10th is further subdivided into pre primary stage, Primary stage, middle stage and secondary stage.
PRE-PRIMARY STAGE: The education of a child begins with pre-primary classes which are termed in hierarchy as Pre-nursery, Nursery, Lower Kindergarten (LKG) and Upper Kindergarten (UKG).
PRIMARY AND MIDDLE STAGE: Pre-primary classes are followed by Primary classes or elementary education which is free and compulsory for the children of age group of 6 to 14 years. Some of the states/ UTs as per their educational structure consider primary education from class 1st to 4th & middle stage education from class 5th to 7th while other considered primary education from class 1st to 5th and middle stage education from class 6th to 8th.
SECONDARY STAGE: The subsequent stage is Secondary stage of school education considered from class 8th or 9th to class 10th/High School/ Senior Secondary.
SENIOR SECONDARY STAGE: The secondary education is followed by Senior Secondary education covers class 11th and class 12th/ 10+2/ Intermediate/ Higher Secondary. This stage is the end of schooling of a student and beginning of a new age of his/ her college.
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