Career in Aeronautical Engineering

Introduction to Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering is one of the two parts of Aerospace Engineering involved with the study, design, development and manufacturing of machines which are capable of airlift within atmospheric territory of earth like Aeroplanes, Helicopters, Drones and Jets. The course constitute mechanical elements of aerospace Engineering and study of effect of various parameters like aerodynamics, temperature, altitude, propulsion, thrust etc. on aircrafts and to design the aircrafts and their sub-systems accordingly. Moreover, the studies and training conducted in Aeronautical Engineering makes the disciples competent for supervision of maintenance of mechanical parts & sub-systems, overhauling, testing, pre-flight inspection, technical assistance and providing manufacturing facilities etc. of various types of aircrafts.

Courses in Aeronautical Engineering

The studies in Aeronautics is conducted either as Diploma, Under Graduate, Post Graduate and Doctoral programmes. As understood, the level of competency & knowledge of disciples enhanced with hierarchy of courses and accordingly the nature of duties, responsibility and remuneration got fixed.

  • Diploma in Aeronautics                   Duration – 3 Years

General Eligibility Criteria- The candidate must qualified 10th / 12th (PCM) from any recognised board of School education or complete ITI in any of the requisite trade for lateral entry.

  • Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering

B.E/ B.Tech Aeronautical Engineering            Duration- 4 years

General Eligibility Criteria- The student must passed out 12th class with mathematics as one of the subjects of study (PCM/ PCMB) or has completed Diploma in Aeronautics for getting admission through lateral entry.

  • Master in Aeronautical Engineering

M.Tech Aeronautical Engineering                      Duration – 2 years

General eligibility criteria- The aspirant must completed B.E/ B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering/ Aerospace Engineering/ Mechanical Engineering/ Mechatronics / Electrical & Electronics Engineering. Following are some of the disciplines available for specialisation in M.Tech:

  • Aerodynamics and Fluid Dynamics
  • Structural Design and Engineering
  • Instrumentation And Communication
  • Aerospace Propulsion
  • Electronic Systems
  • Aircraft Structures and Materials
  • Structural Analysis
  • Navigational Guidance and Control Systems

After completion of Master degree the disciple can further peruse doctorate (Ph.D) in various disciplines of Aeronautics of Aerospace engineering.

Career Prospect

In present scenario, aero industry is one of the most expanding businesses which involve civil aviation, goods transportation, defence products, launching systems and space exploration. The disciples completed their Engineering degree in Aeronautics are offered job in various airline companies, flying clubs, aircraft manufacturing units and research laboratories. Some of the companies in India which recruit aeronautical Engineers are:

  • Air India, Spice Jet, jet airways etc.
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • National Aeronautical Laboratory (NAL)
  • Indian Air Force
  • Helicopter Corporation of India

The disciples completed their bachelor degree in aeronautics are Initially recruited as Graduate Engineer Trainee and Junior Engineers in any one of the field of design & research, testing, maintenance & overhauling, supervision & control in various labs, offices, plants and hanger. The aeronautical engineers are assisted in their work by various technicians and mechanics which are generally diploma in aeronautics or ITI holder. The various works assigned to an aeronautical Engineer is to:

  • Designing, development and testing of aircrafts and it’s integral systems.
  • Development of new technologies to enhance the capacity, capabilities and efficiency of aircrafts.
  • Maintenance and overhauling of engines and other units.
  • Pre-flight inspection and on-flight technical assistance.
  • Maintenance of physical/ mechanical part of navigation and radio communication.

Some of the job profiles assigned to Aeronautics Engineers are:

  • Design Engineer (Thermal/ Mechanical)
  • Graduate Engineer Trainees
  • Assistant Technical Officers
  • Assistant Aircraft Engineers
  • Aircraft Production Manager

The disciples qualified their Master degree or doctorate in Aeronautics are mostly engaged in Research & designing of aircrafts. The most significant element of designing any aircraft is aerodynamics. During designing any aircraft the aerodynamicist conduct study and analyse the effect of thrust & friction on aircrafts. The design engineers in consultation with aerodynamicist decide the size, load bearing capacity, location of wings and design of aircraft. Mathematicians and physicist are also engaged to formulate the design algorithms and study of physical parameters like heat conduction, friction etc.

List of Top Colleges conducted Engineering Courses (B.E/ B.Tech ) in Aeronautical/ Aerospace Engineering are:

  • Indian Institute of Technology Mumbai/ Kanpur/ Chennai/ Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dehradun
  • Feroze Gandhi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rai Bareli
  • Sathyabama University, Chennai
  • Amity University, Mumbai
  • Birla Institute of Technology Mesra/ Ranchi
  • Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore

For more information, please read the related articles.

 

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