A Power Plant or Power Station is the set up which is got established for generation of electricity. As electricity is a secondary source of energy, it is generated by consumption of relative primary energy source such as coal, natural gas, oil, nuclear substances etc. A power plant is the place where this conversion of primary source of energy into electric power takes places with the help of prime movers like turbine and generators.
In modern era, electric power emerges as the most imperative part of human society and played most significant role in development on our planet. As the demand of electricity is escalating, power plants are expanding continuously in numbers & size and consequently more manpower both Technical and Managerial are requisite to run, operate and manage the Power Plants and their ancillary units.
In India, National Power Training Institutes (NPTI) which are dedicated for studies and training of students in both Power Plant Engineering and Management are established across the country. The prime motive to establish these institutes is to provide the requisite trained professionals in power sector for purposeful functioning and governance of various power generation and distribution units. Following are the institutes of NPTI operate in different regions of India:
A. Northern Region
1.NPTI Corporate Office Faridabad, Haryana
2.NPTI (Northern Region) Badarpur, New Delhi
3.NPTI (Hydro Power Training Centre) Nangal, Punjab
B. Southern Region
4.NPTI (Power System Training Institute) Bangalore, Karnataka
5.NPTI (Hot Line Training Centre) Bangalore, Karnataka
6.NPTI (Southern Region) Neyveli , Tamil Nadu
C. Eastern & North Eastern Region
7.NPTI (Eastern Region) Durgapur, West Bengal
8.NPTI (North Eastern Region) Guwahati, Assam
D. Western Region
9.NPTI (Western Region) Nagpur, Maharashtra
Other than NPTI, there are some Engineering Colleges which conduct courses and training in operation & maintenance of power plants and transmission & distribution of electricity. Some of these colleges are:
GMR institute of Technology, Srikakulam conducts B.Tech in Power Engineering
Jadavpur University, West Bengal conducts B.E in Power Engineering
UPES, Dehradun conducts B.Tech in Power System Engineering
Pankaj Laddhad Institute of Technology & Management Studies conducts B.E Electrical (Electronics and Power) Engineering
Engineering staff college of India, hyderabad conducts Power & Energy training programmes.
Basically, Power Plant Engineering is a sub-disciple of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering which involves designing, constructing and maintenance of various types of Power Plants and generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. The students after completion of their degree either in core power engineering or Mechanical/ Electrical engineering became eligible for getting reputed and responsible jobs in Power sector.
The engineers in Power Plants are appointed to perform duties like:
Operation, Control and Maintenance of installed Machines like boilers, turbines and generators etc.
Making plant layout and installation of new machines
Identifying risk factors and preparation of plans to mitigate them.
Monitoring and controlling the magnitude of generation and transmission of power.
Ergonomics control etc.
The engineers either Mechanical, electrical or Power Engineering can get jobs in various Thermal, Hydraulic and Nuclear Power Plants. The operations involved in conversion process of energy in power plants are very critical and crucial and the engineers & operators are appointed with the responsibility to run the plant continuously with safety to its full capacity. The power plants are established in suburban less populated areas which are generally far from cities. Although, all essential facilities are readily been provided to employees in Power Plants along with high remuneration for their work, but for engineers, working in suburban area with highly alertness & responsible nature of job, make working in Power Plants slightly complicated.