Advocates are the professionals which practices law and render their services regarding laws and rules set up by legislature for individuals, society and companies etc. In Indian context, any individual possess a degree in law is known as a lawyer and the lawyers get enrolled in any of the state Bar Council and qualify AIBE are referred as Advocates.
The minimum academic qualification required to be a lawyer is “LL.B” which is an undergraduate degree in law. The tenure of LL.B course is either 3 years or 5 years depending upon the requisite academic qualification for admission.
LL.B- 5 Years Course
Those students completed their HSC/ 12th class in any stream (subjects) from a recognized board of education are eligible to get admission in Integrated LL.B Program. Integrated LL.B is combination of LL.B with any of the traditional Bachelor degree course like B.A, B.Com. B.Sc etc. The duration of integrated LL.B course is 5 years and after successfully completion of course, the students are awarded with the degree titled B.A. LL.B, B.Com. LL.B, B.Sc. LL.B, BBA. LL.B etc.
LL.B- 3 Years Course
Those students already possess any of the Bachelor Degree like B.A, B.Com, B.Sc, BBA, B.Tech etc. from a recognized University are eligible to get admission in LL.B. The duration of LL.B course for graduate students is 3 years.
Admission in law courses either 3 years LL.B course or 5 years integrated LL.B course are done by conducting the entrance examinations or on the basis of merit of candidate in the requisite qualifying class/ degree.
Common Law Admission Test
“Common Law admission test (CLAT)” is the most important entrance examination conducted at all India level for admission of students in various National Law universities across the countries for under graduate, post graduate and integrated courses in law. The minimum educational qualification required to appear in CLAT is 12th / HSC for admission in integrated LL.B and LL.B or its equivalent degree for post-graduation in law i.e LL.M. The score of CLAT which remains valid for one year is also been adopted by several other universities and colleges for admission of aspirants. The exam is conducted in the month of May by any one of the law universities in India on rotation basis.
Law School Admission Test
i.e Law School Admission Test is another important examination conducted for admission of candidates in undergraduate and postgraduate law courses in various colleges in India. The test which is basically based on aspirant’s reading and reasoning skills is conducted in India by Pearson UVE and designed by USA based Law School Admission Council (LSAC).
Some other examinations conducted for admission in LL.B is
Punjab University Law Admission Test
AILET for admission in National Law University , Delhi
Rajasthan University Law Entrance Test
Galgotia University Integrated law admission test
SET for Symbiosis Law School, Noida and Pune
Telangana State Law common Entrance Test
BHU Law Undergraduate Entrance Test
CEE for admission in govt. law colleges in Kerala.
Andhra Pradesh- LAWCET
DU- LLB entrance Test etc.
As per the norms of Bar Council of India, the internship of 12 week in case of 3 years LL.B Course and 20 weeks in case of 5 years Integrated LL.B Course is mandatory for all the students. The internship starts from the very first year of the course in any of the NGOs or Trial Court which has to be upgraded by intern to appellate court or high court, Honorable Supreme Court , law firms, companies and Corporate firms etc during succeeding years of the course. The tenures of Internship in any of the year must not be more than four weeks in continuation. This internship program in various institutions/ legal functionaries provides all round experience to the students.
After completion of the formal legal education, the candidate has to enroll himself with any of the state Bar Council in respective states. These state bar councils have the power to frame their own rules and regulations for enrollment of candidates. Only the candidates enrolled with any of the state bar council are eligible to appear in All India Bar Examination (AIBE). The candidates only after appearing in and qualifying “All India Bar Examination” are referred as advocate and are allowed to practice law in front of courts.
All India Bar Examination
All India Bar Examination (AIBE) is an offline test conducted by Bar Council of India (BCI) every year to examine the capability of a law graduate. After qualifying AIBE, the candidates are awarded by “Certificate of Practice” by the Bar Council of India and the student can refer themselves as an Advocate and are admitted to appear in front of courts and represent their clients.